Typhoid is a serious infectious disease, caused by a bacterium Salmonella typhi (S. typhi), and spread through sewage - the faecal-oral route. It is statutorily notifiable as one of the notifiable disease; as well as being a form of food poisoning.
It is mainly regarded as a tropical disease, but may easily be imported from abroad and is only prevented from spreading by the extensive sanitary and hygienic measures which are part of our infrastructure.See also Gastroenteritis and Enteric pathogens (where there is a link to the HPA guidance on the management of infection with enteric pathogens).
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Causative organism: Salmonella typhi (S. typhi).
(Note that there are also other species of Salmonella bacteria.)
Post exposure prophylaxis
- Typhoid information from the HPA
- Zulfiqar A Bhutta. Current concepts in the diagnosis and treatment of typhoid fever. BMJ333;78-82 doi:10.1136/bmj.333.7558.78 (may require BMA membership or subscription).